ß et seq.: In Reformed orthography, the grapheme ß (a modernized typographical translation of the appearance of sz in traditional Gothic writing; it is rarely used in Switzerland) is considered a separate letter intended to appear only after long vowels and diphthongs. In general, stressed long vowels are followed by single consonants and stressed short vowels are followed by double consonants. In traditional orthography, ß was written instead of ss when the s-phoneme belonged to only one syllable, i.e. in final position and before consonants, ss was always written as ß, regardless of the length of the preceding vowel. In Reformed orthography, a short stressed vowel is never followed by an ß. This aligns it with the two-letter spelling of the other final consonants (-ch, -ck, -dt, -ff, -ll, -mm, -nn, -rr, -tt, -tz). So barrel [fas] – barrel [ˈfɛsɐ], by analogy with ball [bal] – balls [ˈbɛlə]; Compare the old spelling: barrel – barrels, as opposed to measuring [maːs] – measures [ˈmaːsə] as valley [taːl] – valleys [ˈtɛːlɐ]. The German spelling reform of 1996 was a change to German spelling and punctuation intended to simplify German spelling and thus make it easier to learn,[1] without significantly altering the rules familiar to language users. These sample sentences are automatically selected from various online information sources to reflect the current use of the word „spelling“.

The views expressed in the examples do not represent the views of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us your feedback. In particular, the triple „s“ now appears more often than all other triple consonants combined, even though they never appear in traditional orthography. 14. In July 1998, following a hearing on 12 May 1998 attended by only one teachers` organisation, the High Court ruled that the introduction of spelling reform by the Ministers of Education was lawful. [Non-primary source required] The Secretary of the Interior, hereinafter referred to as the Secretary, shall, jointly with the Council on Geographical Names, ensure consistency in the nomenclature and spelling throughout the Federal Government, as set out below. The Secretary may exercise his functions through such officers as he designates, except that the powers relating to the final approval or review of decisions of the Geographical Names Commission shall be exercised by himself or his subordinates or associates. Reformed spelling became compulsory in schools and public administration. However, there was a campaign against the reform and, in the resulting public debate, the Federal Constitutional Court was asked to define the scope of the reform. In 1998,[3] the court stated that in the absence of a spelling law, people outside the school could spell as they pleased, including the use of traditional spelling.

In March 2006, the German Spelling Council unanimously decided to remove the most controversial changes from the reform; This was widely accepted, but not completely, by media organizations such as the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, which had previously opposed the reform. [4] The so-called s rule represents more than 90% of the words modified by the reform. As an ending -ss does not appear in traditional orthography (which uses -ß instead), the -ss at the end of reformed words such as dass und muss (formerly must) is now the only fast and safe character indicating that the reformed spelling was used, even partially, in texts (except those of Swiss origin). All other changes are rarer and are not found in all texts. Attend the most popular CLE seminar ever. More than 215,000 people – including lawyers, judges, trainee lawyers and paralegals – have benefited since the early 1990s. You`ll learn the keys to professional writing and learn no-frills techniques to make your letters, memos, and briefings more powerful. „He`s a damn poor ghost who can only think of one way to spell a word!“ This quote, attributed to Andrew Jackson, may have been the motto of the early English spelling. The concept of spelling (a term derived from the Greek words orthos, meaning „right or true“, and graphein, meaning „to write“) was something that didn`t really worry people until the introduction of printing in England in the second half of the 15th century.